Animals that live in forests are as follows:
- Bengal Tigers
- Grizzly Bear
- Red Squirrels
- African forest elephant
These are all the animals that live in forests, but we will discuss a few of them.
Scientific name: Artiodactyla
Intro to Antelope
Antelope are animals that live mainly in African forests, but some species in the Middle East and Asia. Some of them live in deserts and some in deep forests. They travel in a group of about 5 to 10 animals. There are around 91 species of antelope, and most of them live in Africa.
Appearance of Antelope
Antelope are also known for their beauty, charm, and their speed, and they are so smart. They have beautiful golden hair. Antelope have well-mature senses, which help them to detect predators from a long distance, so they have much time to run away even from the fastest predators. A male antelope can measure up to 178cm and weigh around 950kg; an adult antelope can be measured up to 24cm with 1.5kg of weight.
Food Cycle of Antelope
They are herbivores; some feed on insects, small mammals, and birds. And some of them eat bushes, shrubs, twigs, leaves, and small trees. Although, they are the food sources for other animals like lions, leopards, cheetahs, tigers, pythons, and hyenas.
2- Bengal Tigers
Scientific name: Panthera tigris tigris
Intro to Bengal Tigers
Bengal tigers are countless of every sub-species, and they are found in the Indian, Bangladesh, Bhutan, and Nepal forests. Their estimated population in 2018 was recorded as 2603-3346. In 2015, the population in Bhutan was 90, and in 2022, the estimated population in Bangladesh was 300-500 individuals. Today, 103 Bengal tigers live in Bhutan, and around 2,500 are royal Bengal tigers worldwide.
Appearance of Bengal Tigers
Bengal tigers are yellow or light orange, with stripes dark brown to black, orange tail, and other interior parts white. Normally, they are 90-110 cm in height and weigh between 130-170 kg.
They are powerful late-night hunters. They travel long distances to hunt animals like buffalo, wild pigs, deer, and other large mammals. These tigers wait for their prey until they reach near them and then attack their victims very quickly.
Food Cycle of Bengal Tigers
They eat a variety of large and small animals. They also prey on young elephants. Their normal diet includes large mammals weighing 15 to 20 kg. And some other large-bodied animals like pigs, cows, horses, buffalos, moose, and goats.
Scientific name: Canis latrans
Scope: Canada and US
Intro to Coyotes
Coyotes are known as one of the most adjustable doggies in the world. They can be found in woodlands, sagebrush, prairies, deserts, subalpine forests, alpine meadows, and temperate rainforests. They can be found all over North America, from Eastern Alaska to New England and South to Mexico and Panama.
Appearance of Coyotes
They have white fur on their lower part, greyish brown to yellowish brown fur on the top, a narrow muzzle, and large triangular ears on top of their heads. They have black noses, long bushy tails, and yellow eyes. Coyotes are 60 cm to the shoulder, weigh about 9-23 kg, and are about 1-1.3 meters long.
Food Cycle of Coyotes
Coyotes are carnivores, but they also eat vegetables. They feed on many things, such as insects, rodents, amphibians, deer, elk, moose, sparrows, and toads. They eat apples, blueberries, blackberries, carrots, watermelons, pears, and peanuts as fruits and vegetables.
Scientific name: Cervus canadensis
Scope: Western North America
Intro to Elk
At one time, elks were found in North America. Still, they were wiped out and taken to other locations in western North America and mountainous landscapes in Wyoming National Elk Refuge and Yellowstone National park. However, they favor woodlands for living in clear cuts, wide-open mountains, and coniferous hardwood forests and also prefer to live in dense forests.
Appearance of Elk
Elk look dark brown in winter and tan in summer. They have long, thin legs, and their neck, head, legs, and belly are pitch dark than the back and sides. They also have long ears and long heads. Size bull elk is about 5 feet tall at the shoulder and weigh about 700 to 1100 pounds. The female elk weigh around 500 to 600 pounds with an average size of 4.5 feet at the shoulder.
Food Cycle of Elk
Elks are herbivores, meaning they only feed on vegetables, so they mostly feed on grass, tree bark, and forbs. From the attestation, it has been proved that they often eat bones and antlers, so from this case, we can consider elk omnivores. Other elk food includes bluegrass, wheatgrass, dandelions, willow, violets, birch twigs, heather, bird bones, aspen twigs, goslings, white clover, and acorns.
Scientific name: Gorilla
Scope: Central Africa
Intro to Gorilla
Generally, gorillas live in tropical lowland Central Africa. Some species (1,500-3,500) are found in the montane rainforest, and some in bamboo forests ( 2,500-3,000). They mainly live within 5 to 10 family groups. They can be depicted as dangerous and aggressive, and they become gentle giants when feeling threatened, they become aggressive.
Appearance of Gorilla
Gorillas are giant mammals with large chests, shoulders, and large hands, and their forearms are much shorter than their upper arms. Their face color is black, with small eyes and prominent nostrils, and they don’t have hair. Male gorillas are two times heavier than females. They have a height of 1.7 meters and weigh 135-220 kg. Adult female height is about 1.5 meters, and weight is 70-90 kg.
Food Cycle of Gorilla
Gorillas have a vegetarian diet, including stems, fruits, and bamboo shoots. In comparison, western lowland gorillas feed on termites and insects. They also eat fruits like bananas, apples, grapes, oranges, and berries.
Scientific name: Vulpes vulpes
Intro to Fox
Fox lives in North America, Europe, Asia, North Africa, and Australia. Around 12 species of fox are in the entire world. They frequently live at the edges of forests. Foxes can make 40 different sounds. Fox is active when searching the food at night. They don’t threaten humans, but they are wild animals and doubtful and can turn into the wild at any time, so we must be careful about this.
Appearance of Fox
They have reddish-brown fur, a bushy white chest, a pointed nose, and ears. They are medium-sized dogs. As they are small mammals, so they weigh 1.5 lbs. Red foxes are normally 90-105 cm long and 40 cm tall at the shoulder.
Food Cycle of Fox
Foxes are skilled hunters and mostly prey on rabbits, rodents, birds, frogs, and earthworms. They also eat fruits like blueberries, grapes, plums, cherries, raspberries, mulberries, apples, and acorns.
Scientific name: Cervidae
Intro to Deer
Deer are found in Asia, Europe, North America, South America, and Nothern Africa, and they live mainly in forests and other areas like deserts, tundra, and swamp mountainsides. There are almost 43 species of deer. The male deer are called bucks, and the females as does. They have a great sense of hearing and smell, and they have a unique way of communication. Deers are one of the most beautiful wild creatures in the world.
Appearance of Deer
Deers who have white tails are large mammals. They are reddish brown in summer and dull gray brown in winter. They have a total length of around 6 feet and a height of 3 feet at the shoulder. Males weigh about 120-160 pounds, and females weigh 80-120 pounds.
Food Cycle of Deer
Deer eat various vegetables, crops, acorns, grass, and nuts. A deer needs 6 to 8 percent green foliage to stay healthier. They also eat fruits like pears, apples, strawberries, and plums.
8- Grizzly Bears
Scientific name: Ursus arctos horribilis
Scope: North America, Asia, and Europe
Intro to Grizzly Bear
These are animals that live in the forests of Alaska, Montana, Washington, southern Colorado, and western Canada. They are adjustable in the forest, wet, grass, and coastal areas. Grizzly bears are so strong, even stronger than humans, up to 2 to 5 times.
Appearance of Grizzly Bear
Grizzly bears are in two colors, white and dark brown. They have large bodies and sturdy legs, rounded little ears, bushy hairs, short tails, and plantigrade paws with nonretractile claws. If we talk about their size, which varies from 315 kg and upward, male grizzly bears are much heavier than females. They weigh around 200 to 300 kgs, and a huge female grizzly bear can weigh around 110 to 160 kgs.
Food Cycle of Grizzly Bear
They eat vegetarian and grassy food foods mostly because they are omnivores they diet includes heavy roots, grasses, and forbs, and they also eat fruits like blueberries, huckleberries, and other fruits. When they are on the hunt, they prey on fish like salmons, rodents, moose, elk, carrion, squirrels, and deer.
Scientific name: Lepus
Scope: Africa, Eurasia, and North America
Intro to Hare
There are 30 species of hare all over the world. They live in swampy areas, coniferous forests, vast fields, and tundra. They also look like rabbits. The difference is that rabbits give birth in close areas, like holes or tunnel-like areas, but hares give birth in open areas or fields.
Appearance of Hare
Hares have long ears, big eyes, small snouts, and round bodies. They are enhanced with white, gray, black, reddish-orange, and tan colors. Their body length is 60 to 75 cm, and they weigh about 3 to 5 kg. As previously discussed, they have long ears ranging from 9.4 to 11.0 cm.
Food Cycle of Hare
As herbivores, they mainly feed on herbs, twigs, barks, buds, and grass. They also eat fruits like apples, bananas, blackberries, blueberries, grapes, mango, and mandarines.
Scientific name: Erinaceinae
Scope: Europe, Africa, New Zealand, and Central Asia
Intro to Hedgehogs
Hedgehogs live in woodland areas, suburban habitats, and hedgerows. They also build their nests for living. Hedgehogs are great sleepers. They sleep around 18 hours a day. They have poor eyesight when searching for food at night. Hedgehogs use their sense of hearing and smell.
Appearance of Hedgehogs
Hedgehogs are small mammals and have cone-shaped faces and short legs. And their bodies are wrapped with porcupine-like quills, and their color is white, brown, or black. Their face, neck, and belly are covered with rough hairs. If you think they are small mammals, they are weak but have stronger legs and big feet with five toes. Their size varies from 4 to 12 inches, weighing around 5 to 56 ounces.
Food Cycle of Hedgehogs
Hedgehog’s special food is beetles, earthworms, millipedes, slugs, and snails. They also feed on fruits like apples, bananas, berries, and melons. Vegetables like tomatoes, green beans, cooked squash, and vegetables they don’t like are potatoes, carrots, and corn.
Scientific name: Bucerotidae
Scope: Southeast Asia
Intro to Hornbill
The other animals named Hornbills mainly live in forests of Southeast Asia in Bhutan, Nepal, southwest China, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Vietnam, and Thailand. There are 60 species of Hornbill in the world. This bird can fly up to 18 miles per hour.
Appearance of Hornbill
They have a large head, thin neck, large tail, and extended wings. They have brown or black feathers with dark white markings. The smaller tockus species or Hornbill varies from 40 cm in size and 160 cm to the greater Buceros bicornis hornbill, weighing around 2 to 4 kg.
Food Cyle of Hornbill
The fruits are a favorite food of Hornbills, and they have been seen eating animals like snakes, rodents, amphibians, reptiles, lizards, and other insects. Around 70% of the food they eat fat-rich and sugar-rich fruits.
Scientific name: Macropodidae
Scope: Australia and Tasmania
Intro to Kangaroos
Kangaroos are animals that mostly live in the continent of Australia in forests and grasslands. There are four species of kangaroo named as the red kangaroo (scientific name: Macropus Rufus), the eastern gray kangaroo (scientific name: Macropus giganteus), the western gray kangaroo (scientific name: Macropus fuliginosus), and the last one is antilopine kangaroo (scientific name: Macropus antilopinus). Kangaroos have very strong eyesight and hearing.
Appearance of Kangaroos
Almost all kangaroos have short hairs, strong back legs, small forelimbs, large feet, and long tails. Their fur color is red, gray, dark, or light brown, but these colors depend upon specific species. Their size varies from 3-8 feet, and they weigh around 40 to 200 lbs.
Food Cycle of Kangaroos
Kangaroos mostly feed on grass, leaves, ferns, moss, and flowers. They also eat fruits and vegetables like bananas, apples, beets, carrots, broccoli, and raisins.
Scientific name: Phascolarctos cinereus
Scope: Eastern Australia
Intro to Koalas
Koalas are animals that live in forests and are mainly found in Queensland, North Wales, Victoria, and some of South Australia. Today, the number of koalas is falling, and human development is the main reason behind it. Burning of trees, cutting wood, land cleaning, and many other human threats. Now only 100,000 total koalas are remaining in Australia.
Appearance of Koalas
They have large rounded heads, large furry ears, and large noses. Their fur color is gray-brown and white on the chest, and they have no fur on their nose and paws. Usually, the Southern koalas are larger than the Nothern koalas. The Southern koalas weigh around 15 to 29 pounds and Nothern koalas from 9 to 19 pounds. Their height is 2 to 3 feet.
Food Cycle of Koalas
Koalas feed mainly on gum leaves and other species of trees like lophostemon melaleuca, and corymbia. An adult koala consumes between 200 to 500 grams of leaves per day.
Scientific name: Lynx
Scope: Europe, Asia, and North America
Intro to Lynx
Lynx are animals that live in forests and they are medium-sized cats found in cold forests of Canada, Alaska, Washington, Idaho, Montana, Minnesota, and the Marine. There are four species of Lynx in the world. They are; the Canada lynx, Iberian Lynx, Eurasian Lynx, and the last one is the bobcat. Lynx have great eyesight and are wonderful forest and snow hunters even in the dark. They are very clever while hunting. They wait for their prey in beds of trees, and when it comes close, Lynx jump on them and eat them.
Appearance of Lynx
Lynx have long legs, bushy ears, hairy soles, and short heads. Their body color is normal brown to goldish and beige white, and they have white fur on their chest, bellies, and inside legs.
Food Cycle of Lynx
Lynx are carnivores, so they feed on small birds, rodents, deer, rabbits, hares, and foxes. We have discussed that they are excellent hunters so they can see a mouse from 200 feet away. Though, they favor eating snowshoe hare.
Scientific name: Lacertilia
Intro to Lizards
Lizards are found in almost every continent of the world. Excluding cold areas and deep oceans, they live in all habitats. Around 4,675 lizard species worldwide; many live on the ground, and some live in trees. They hide behind the beds, cupboards, and other furniture in homes.
Appearance of Lizards
Lizards have scaly and dry skin. They have long tails, clawed feet, small heads, short necks, and four legs. However, they have weak tails. The size of an adult lizard is 2 cm to 3 meters and weighs about half a gram to 150 kg.
Food Cycle of Lizards
Most lizards are carnivores, so they eat ants, termites, cicadas, worms, snails, slugs, and even they eat other lizards. However, they avoid spiders, millipedes, fireflies, and scorpions. Fireflies have a toxin called lucibufagin, which is very dangerous to reptiles, so they avoid eating them.