What Landlords Need to Know About North Carolina Lease Agreements

Are you a landlord in North Carolina? If so, you need to know the rules and regulations surrounding lease agreements. Understanding these requirements will protect your rights and ensure a fair rental process.

In this article, we’ll provide a comprehensive overview of your North Carolina lease agreement. We’ll cover mandatory disclosures, security deposits, utility disclosures, and rent payment guidelines.

Stay informed and comply with the laws to create a positive leasing experience for both you and your tenants. Let’s explore what every North Carolina landlord should know about lease agreements.

Lead-Based Paint Obligations

Include information about lead-based paint hazards in your North Carolina residential lease agreement for most properties built before 1978. According to the North Carolina lease agreement requirements, landlords must disclose any known lead hazards in the property. This is in compliance with the Residential Lead-Based Paint Hazard Reduction Act of 1992. Sellers and landlords are also required to distribute an EPA-approved information pamphlet called Protect Your Family from Lead in Your Home. By including this information in your lease agreement, you’re ensuring that your tenants are informed about the potential risks associated with lead-based paint and taking the necessary steps to protect their health and safety.

Security Deposit Disclosure

You must disclose the name and address of the bank or institution where the security deposit is located within 30 days of the lease term beginning. This requirement is outlined in NCGS § 42-50.

By providing this information, you’re ensuring transparency and accountability in the handling of the security deposit. Tenants have the right to know where their deposit is being held and how it’s being protected.

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This disclosure allows tenants to contact the bank or institution directly if they’ve any concerns or inquiries regarding their security deposit.

It’s important to note that failing to disclose this information within the specified time frame may result in legal consequences. Therefore, it’s crucial to fulfill this obligation promptly to maintain a fair and lawful landlord-tenant relationship.

Utility Service Responsibilities

As a landlord in North Carolina, it’s important to understand your responsibilities when it comes to utility services for your rental property. If you agree to supply and pay for certain utilities in the lease, you must include a disclosure in your residential lease agreement North Carolina stating your liability if the utility company cuts off service.

It’s also crucial to provide written notice to the tenant if utility service will be cut off in the future due to nonpayment. These requirements are outlined in NCGS § 62-110(h-i).

It’s your responsibility to ensure that utility services are maintained and paid for, as specified in the lease agreement. Failure to fulfill this responsibility could result in legal consequences.

Therefore, it’s important to carefully review and understand your obligations regarding utility services as a landlord in North Carolina.

Residential Property Disclosure Requirements

When leasing a residential property in North Carolina, it’s essential to fulfill your obligation of providing a disclosure statement regarding the characteristics and condition of the property. For owners who lease with the option to purchase properties with one to four dwelling units, a residential property disclosure statement must be provided.

This statement informs the tenant about the features and condition of the property they’re leasing. Additionally, sellers who meet these criteria must include the Mineral and Oil and Gas Rights Mandatory Disclosure Statement. This ensures that tenants are aware of any mineral or oil and gas rights associated with the property.

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Rent, Fees, and Deposit Regulations

To comply with North Carolina lease agreements, landlords must adhere to regulations regarding rent, fees, and deposits. Rent in North Carolina is due on the date specified in the lease, and there’s a 5-day grace period for rent payment.

Rental application fees aren’t regulated, and rent control is banned in the state. Late fees can be either $15 or 5% of the monthly rent, whichever is greater. If a tenant’s check bounces, the maximum NSF fee that can be charged is $35.

Security deposits mustn’t exceed two weeks’ rent for week-to-week tenancies, one and one-half months’ rent for month-to-month tenancies, and two months’ rent for terms greater than month to month. Landlords may withhold funds from the security deposit for specific reasons, such as damage to the premises or unpaid bills, but they can’t withhold funds for conditions due to normal wear and tear.


In conclusion, as a landlord in North Carolina, it’s crucial to familiarize yourself with the specific rules and regulations surrounding lease agreements. By understanding mandatory disclosures, security deposit regulations, utility disclosures, and rent payment guidelines, you can ensure a fair and transparent rental process for your tenants.

Additionally, being aware of rent control, late fees, and the withholding of rent or repair costs will help create a positive and legally sound leasing experience for both parties involved.

Stay informed and comply with the relevant laws to protect your rights as a landlord.

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